The Nature of Mobile Money Transfer Transactions in Harare: Zimbabwe

Tinashe Chingoriwoand Dr Farai Choga,JECET; September 2017- November 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6. No.4, 222-229.,[DOI: 10.24214/jecet.B.6.4.22229.]

Abstract

This research was on the mobile money transfer transactions in Harare in Zimbabwe. Of late, there has been unending queues in banking halls of most banks in Zimbabwe. Most of the people spent their valuable time in banking queues yet they are registered on mobile money transfer systems. The transactions that they use the hard cash for are also available on the mobile money transfer platforms. This research was carried out in order to find out the nature of transactions done by the Zimbabwean people. The researchers used a descriptive survey in a bid to analyse the research problem. A mixed research methodology was used and the researchers collected and analysed both qualitative and quantitative data based on the research question. In this research judgemental sampling was used by the researchers to select the respondents on the basis of their knowledge on mobile money transfer systems. The data was gathered using interviews and questionnaires. The findings revealed that transactions such as send money, cash in, cash out, buy airtime and bill payment were done more frequently on mobile money transfer platforms. On the other hand bank to wallet and wallet to bank transactions were not frequently done as some of the financial institutions were not linked to mobile money transfer systems. The researchers recommended that regulations should be put in place to ensure that all financial institutions are linked to all the mobile money transfer systems in Zimbabwe so as to promote the funding of customer mobile wallets as well as the bank to wallet and wallet to bank transactions.

IoT Sensing in Health Monitoring Platform

Hooman Kashanian and Sahar Rezazadeh, JECET; September 2017- November 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6. No.4, 208-221,,[DOI: 10.24214/jecet.B.6.4.20821.]

Abstract

IoT industry is composed of big data, Internet of Things, Machine to Machine (M2M) communications, cloud computing, and real-time analysis of data from continuous sensor devices. Internet of Things (IoT) has recently received a great attention due to its potential and capacity to be integrated into any complex system. Due to common advantages through complement between IoT and Cloud technologies, there is apparent interest in integration of Internet of Things (IoT) with cloud computing. The current paper proposes a review on Cloud-IoT approaches with specific emerging services based on which this integration has been provided. The health industry is one of the venues that can benefit from IoT–Cloud technology, because of the scarcity of specialized doctors and the physical movement restrictions of patients, among other factors. This paper introduces platforms for health monitoring using IoT technologies on intelligent and reliable monitoring. The sensing model is presented as a service and main architectural decision are briefly proposed as health monitoring in development of IoT platform. Finally, the paper describes requirements for the model in terms of major roles and operational rules as well as assumes for subsequent phases of developing project.

Cryptanalysis of a Remote User Authentication Scheme

Manoj Kumar, JECET; September 2017- November 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6. No.4, 201-207.,[DOI: 10.24214/jecet.B.6.4.20107.]

Abstract

Password based remote user authentication schemes are used to authenticate a remote user. E. J. Yoon et al. proposed a new efficient remote user authentication scheme using smart cards to solve the security problems of W. C. Ku and S. M. Chen’s scheme. This paper is about the cryptanalytic study of the security of Yoon et al.’s scheme and then proves that the there is a lot of vulnerabilities in this scheme. The password change phase of Yoon et al’s scheme is still insecure. This paper also proves that the Yoon et al. scheme is still vulnerable to parallel session attack.

Assessment of Integration of ICT in the Teaching and Learning of Sciences in Harare Urban Secondary Schools, Zimbabwe

M. Mutema and Dr F. Choga;JECET; June 2017- August 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6. No.3, 137-144;[DOI: 10.24214/jecet.B.6.3.13744.]

Abstract

This study examines the extent to which secondary school teachers integrate ICT in the teaching and learning of science in the Harare Province in Zimbabwe.It also looks into the challenges of integrating ICT in science subjects. The target population was 86 secondary school science teachers. A sample of 12 teachers was selected. A mixed method approach was used to collect both quantitative and qualitative data. The data collection instruments used were a questionnaires and an interview-guide. The study revealed that recently graduated teachers integrate ICT in their teaching more than the experienced ones. There is inconsistency in school policies on ICT integration. More advantages were experienced by ‘A’ level students. All teachers resorted to blended teaching dominated by lecture based method. The integration of ICT seems to be at its infancy due to the teaching methods employed and the challenges faced by the teachers. The major problem in ICT integration in the science classes is lack of infrastructure and inadequate ICT hardware and software, followed by lack of laboratories and furniture as well as negative teacher attitude. Teacher competence, shortage of science teachers, inadequate Government, NGO, parents and administrators support. Pupil’s attitude was the least problem encountered by the science teachers. The researchers recommended that consistency in government policy making and implementation are required to cub inconsistence in school administration policies. Regular in-service training for long service employees should be improved and promote partnerships between schools, NGOs, government, parents and the cooperate world in support of ICT integration in schools

Ensuring Quality for Accreditation and Ranking of Higher Educational Institutes through Data Mining

Renuka Agrawal, S. M. Ghosh and Jyoti Singh ,JECET; June 2017- August 2017; Section . B; Vol.6. No.3, 122-136.[DOI: 10.24214/jecet.B.6.3.12236]

Abstract

The institutions these days are keen to position themselves amongst their peers. This speaks volumes for the institutional aspirations to move towards quality, and augurs well for the future evolution of higher educational institutions. Hence, there is enough justification for an increased assessment of the Quality of the country’s educational institutions. Traditionally, these institutions assumed that Quality could be deter-mined by their internal resources, viz., faculty with an impressive set of degrees and experience detailed at the end of the institute’s admission brochure, number of books and journals in the library, an ultra-modern campus, and size of the endowment, etc., or by its definable and assessable outputs, viz., efficient use of resources, producing uniquely educated, highly satisfied and employable graduates. This view of deter-mining Quality in higher education, popularly termed as the “value-addition” approach, does not measure the competencies students develop through the courses offered. The competencies are recall, understanding, and problem solving. High quality academic excellence has been considered as the most important aspect in the local and international academic platform. High standards of education in the institutes help them in enhancing the global acceptability among the students to get enrolled for a brighter future. Since quality assurance is an evolving issue the emphasis is deliberately given to excellence and quality as the distinct constituents of higher education in India. To develop India as an education hub or to become a prosperous partner in global economy, India has to qualitatively strengthen education in general and higher education with research and development in particular this paper aims to identify emerging issues and challenges in the field of Higher Education Institutes in India. Finally the paper concludes with the suggestions of some plans and required solutions that combine, employers and youth need of Expectations from various stakeholders Students, Industry, Educational Institutions, Parents and Government.